Cavities (tooth decay)
The breakdown of enamel on our teeth causes cavities, or tooth decay. This is often caused by consuming food and drink which is high in carbohydrates, which creates an acid which erodes the enamel.
Cavities are largely preventable, yet are extremely common with the majority of children having at least one cavity in their baby teeth, and 90% of adults having a cavity in their lifetime.
Around 1 in 4 adults are thought to have an untreated cavity. Untreated tooth decay can cause abscess, a severe infection under your gums which can spread to other parts of your body and in some cases, have serious and even life-threatening results.
The good news is that cavities are largely preventable and easily-treated when identified in good time. Limiting intake of sugary food and drink, brushing your teeth regularly (at least twice daily), flossing and using sugar-free medicines are all great ways to prevent cavities, while regular dental check-ups are the best way to track, identify and act on cavities.